A Month in Review – December 2020

The gains were not as impressive as those seen in November, however, with lockdowns and a new strain of the virus testing investor sentiment.

After having seen 2 consecutive months in the red, however, a 2nd consecutive monthly gain consolidated November’s rebound.

Adding to support for the majors, was progress towards a U.S stimulus package.

A Brexit deal, a U.S stimulus package, with the promise of more, and COVID-19 vaccines delivered optimism towards next year.

On 30th December, the House of Commons voted 521 for and 73 against the Brexit Agreement ahead of Britain’s departure at 2300 GMT on 31st December. The House of Lords also passed the Bill.

Also on the political front, there was plenty of action in the wake of the U.S Presidential Election. In the end, departing President Trump failed to overturn the outcome, while managing to disrupt politics on Capitol Hill.

The Stats

It was a quieter month on the Eurozone economic calendar.

Key stats included prelim December private sector PMIs for France, Germany, and the Eurozone and consumer and business sentiment figures.

A pickup in manufacturing sector activity in Germany and a return to expansion in France’s manufacturing sector delivered support.

While the services sector continued to contract, the rate of contraction eased in both France and Germany.

As a result, the Eurozone’s Composite rose from 45.3 to 49.8 in December, according to prelim figures. The all-important manufacturing PMI increased from 53.8 to 55.5.

Containment measures across member states continued to weigh on service sector activity at the end of the year.

From Germany, the Ifo Business Climate Index increased from 90.9 to 92.1, with the ZEW Economic Sentiment Indicator rising from 39.0 to 55.0. Positive vaccine news delivered the upside for both in December.

A marginal fall in consumer confidence in Germany had a muted impact. The GfK Consumer Climate Index fell from -6.8 to -7.3. Lockdown measures across Germany weighed on the index for January.

From the U.S

Economic data delivered mixed results. Consumer confidence waned in December, with the CB Consumer Confidence Index falling from 96.1 to 88.6 in December.

Retail sales saw another decline in November, with core retail sales falling by 0.9%, following a 0.1% decline in October.

Prelim private sector PMI numbers for December also disappointed. The manufacturing PMI slipped from 56.7 to 56.5, with the Services PMI falling from 58.4 to 55.3.

While the jobless claims figures delivered mixed results throughout the month, the numbers remain skewed to the negative.

Initial jobless claims had fallen back to a low 712k in the week ending 27th November before jumping to 885k in the week ending 11th December. While easing back to 803k the following week, claims remained elevated amidst the 2nd wave of the pandemic.

Other key stats included core durable goods orders for November, which came up short of forecasts, and November’s nonfarm payrolls, which also disappointed.

In November, nonfarm payrolls rose by 245k, following a 638k increase in October.

From elsewhere, economic data from China continued to impress. Fixed asset investments, industrial production, and retail sales all saw a pickup in November.

On the trade front, the USD trade surplus widened from $58.44bn to $75.42bn, with exports surging by 21.1%.

At the end of the month, private sector PMIs for December reflected a slight easing in private sector activity but no by a significant margin. The NBS Manufacturing PMI fell from 52.1 to 51.9, with the Non-Manufacturing PMI falling from 56.4 to 55.7.

Monetary Policy

The ECB did test support for the majors by downwardly revising growth forecasts for 2021. Additionally, the ECB increased the PEP by €500bn. The downward revision came as EU member states reintroduced containment measures as a result of the 2nd wave of the pandemic.

From the FED, while the FED revised upwards economic forecasts, the promise of holding bond purchases and interest rates at current levels left a dovish tone.

In December, the FED left interest rates unchanged.

The Market Movers

For the DAX: It was a mixed month for the auto sector in December. Volkswagen rallied by 7.63%, with Continental and Daimler rising by 5.94% and by 2.08% respectively. BMW bucked the trend, however, falling by 0.96%.

It was also a mixed month for the banks. Deutsche Bank slid by 4.18%, while Commerzbank ended the month up by 7.14%.

From the CAC, it was another bullish month for the banking sector. Credit Agricole rallied by 6.72%, with BNP Paribas and Soc Gen ending the month with gains of 0.30% and 1.98% respectively.

It was a particularly bullish month for the auto sector. Peugeot jumped by 13.21%, with Renault gaining 7.23%.

Supported by COVID-19 vaccine news, Air France-KLM consolidated November’s 77.94% rebound with a 2.40% gain. Airbus SE followed November’s 40.17% surge with a 2.34% rise in December.

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