Powell is likely to face questions over whether an improving labour market and rising coronavirus vaccinations warrant a withdrawal of monetary easing, but most analysts expect him to say such talk is premature, which would put downward pressure on Treasury yields and the dollar.
“The dollar is likely to continue to trend lower in line with the gathering momentum in the world economy,” analysts at Commonwealth Bank of Australia wrote in a research note.
“We expect the Fed policy meeting to be a non-event for the dollar. The U.S. economy is a long way from meeting the ‘substantial further progress’ threshold for the Fed to taper its asset purchases.”
The dollar stood at 107.71 yen, close to its lowest since March 4.
The euro rose as high as $1.2117, adding to gains made on Friday after positive data on European services and manufacturing activity.
A survey from Germany’s Ifo institute due later on Monday is expected to show business conditions continued to improve in Europe’s largest economy.
The British pound was quoted 0.2% higher at $1.3902, adding to a 0.3% gain in the previous session.
The dollar was little changed at 0.91225 Swiss franc, close to a two-month low.
The Fed’s next meeting ends on Wednesday, and while no major policy changes are expected, investors will pay close attention to Powell’s comments after the meeting.
Rising coronavirus vaccination rates and an improving economic outlook are reasons to be optimistic, but many traders and analysts say Powell is likely to reiterate his commitment to keep easy policy in place for an extended period.
“He recently said that the Fed is unlikely to start lifting rates before 2022,” Royal Bank of Canada strategist Alvin Tan wrote in a client note.
“While we think that view will be challenged over the coming year, (he) is likely to continue reiterating it this week.”
U.S. funds have been selling the dollar against the yen recently in Asian trading, which is an additional sign that major investors expect lower U.S. Treasury yields to push the dollar lower, some traders in Tokyo said.
In emerging markets, traders are watching the Turkish lira to see if it will test its all-time low of 8.58 per dollar due to worsening relations with the United States and worries about a dovish central bank governor. The lira was last quoted at 8.4225.
The onshore yuan edged up to 6.4889 per dollar, just shy of a six-week high.
Elsewhere, the Australian and New Zealand dollars rose toward one-month highs but are likely to track moves in global commodity prices, traders said.
In the cryptocurrency market, Bitcoin reclaimed the $50,000 mark, last trading 6.7% higher at $52,417, and smaller rival Ether rose 6% to $2,460, recouping some of their losses from last week triggered by U.S. President Joe Biden’s plan to raise capital gains taxes for wealthy investors.
Currency bid prices at 553 GMT
Description RIC Last U.S. Close Pct Change YTD Pct High Bid Low Bid
Euro/Dollar $1.2110 $1.2097 +0.11% -0.88% +1.2117 +1.2089
Dollar/Yen 107.6820 107.8800 -0.19% +4.24% +107.9270 +107.6700
Euro/Yen 130.40 130.46 -0.05% +2.74% +130.5900 +130.3800
Dollar/Swiss 0.9125 0.9137 -0.11% +3.15% +0.9140 +0.9122
Sterling/Dollar 1.3902 1.3881 +0.16% +1.76% +1.3906 +1.3872
Dollar/Canadian 1.2460 1.2475 -0.11% -2.14% +1.2489 +1.2450
Aussie/Dollar 0.7772 0.7746 +0.36% +1.06% +0.7780 +0.7735
NZ 0.7212 0.7195 +0.25% +0.45% +0.7220 +0.7191
Tokyo Forex market info from BOJ
(Reporting by Stanley White; editing by Richard Pullin and Sam Holmes)